This article is mainly discussing the following topics:

1. Introduction to NTSC and PAL and their differences.

NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee, is the analog television system that is mostly used in Americas. Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a colour encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most places broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i), such as Europe, Australia, and parts of Asia.

Here is a picture showing the television encoding systems in the world by nation.

ntsc vs. pal

2. Differences of NTSC VS PAL.

Here is a concise table for your references:

NTSC PAL
Abbreviation National Television System Committee Phase Alternating Line
Picture size 720×480 720×576
Display frame rate 30 (525 individual scan lines) 25(625 individual scan lines
Color correction manual color correction automated color correction
Video bandwidth 4.2 MHz 5.0 MHz
Resolution lines/field 525/60 625/50
Electrical power 60 hertz 50 hertz

If you are an American who traveled to Europe and brought back a PAL formatted DVD movie, you will notice that this DVD is not compatible with your DVD player. The picture will be very scrambled and the sound quality will be absolutely terrible. This is due to the differences of frames per second between the two formats. PAL makes actors move a bit faster. If you are trying to watch a PAL movie on a NTSC television, you need to add 5 frames per second, or the motion of the film will be very jerky or slow.

ntsc vs. pal

If you must play an NTSC formatted DVD on a PAL DVD player, or vice versa, there are conversion kits available. The best conversion tool I have used is Leawo DVD Ripper.

3. Leawo DVD Ripper – Best Conversion Kits.

Leawo DVD Ripper is a top-rated and a professional DVD to Video converter for you to rip DVD to video and audio in any formats for importing to various media devices and uploading to online video sharing sites, like MP4, MPEG, WMV, MOV, MKV, FLV, RMVB, etc. and rip DVD to portable media players: iPhone 4S, the New iPad, iPod Touch 4, Galaxy S3, Xperia Tablet S, Samsung ATIV Tab, PSP, PS3, PS VITA, Apple TV 3, Xbox 360, etc.

   

No matter how you want to convert a file, it can do it for you with an amazing speed because it uses the using the leading NVIDIA CUDA acceleration technology.

Here is the guide on how to do that:

Step 1: Download and open Leawo DVD Ripper

ntsc vs. pal

Step 2: Load DVD content

You have 3 options to load DVD content: Under “Convert” section, click “Add Video” or “Add Blu-ray/DVD” button to load source DVD content or drag file directly in for converting.

ntsc vs. pal

Step 3: Set output profile.

Click the drop-down box next to the “Add Blu-ray/DVD” button, and then click “Change” to select output format. Multiple Common Video, Common Audio and HD Video formats are selectable. You could even select output format according to your device under “Device” tab. By making use of the Profile Search bar on the left side, you could quickly search out desired format.

ntsc vs. pal

Let the mouse stay on each format option and then you could see “Edit” icon, by clicking which you could adjust video and audio parameters of output format, including: video codec, quality, bit rate, frame rate, aspect ratio, channel, audio codec, resolution, etc. You could also enter the Profile Settings panel by clicking “MP4 Video > Edit” option.

The main differences between PAL and NTSC video are the resolution and frame rate. NTSC has a resolution of 720×480 and a framerate of 23.97. PAL is defined to have a resolution of 768×576 and a framerate of 25fps. So you need to change these parameters after selecting an output format for video. The same procedure goes with NTSC to PAL conversion.

To make the video NTSC-compatible, make settings as below:

Resolution: 768*576 pixels

Frame rate: 25fps

And to make the video Pal-compatible, set settings as below:

Resolution: 720×480 pixels

Frame rate: 23.97fps

However, if the output format is set to DVD, there is no need to change resolution and framerate settings. You’ll have a TV Standard option to switch convert PAL DVD to NTSC DVD, or NTSC DVD to PAL DVD.

Step 4: Start converting.

ntsc vs. pal

Click the big green “Convert” button to let Leawo DVD Ripper start converting DVD to video/audio. The program would then ask you to set the output directory and after-conversion settings. You could “Cancel” any conversion at any time as you like.

4. DVD Region restrictions besides NTSC and PAL

DVD Discs are also coded for different regions of the world. The Movie Industry has divided the global DVD marketplace into six regional zones. This regional coding system was introduced to combat piracy. It also allows film distributors to stagger theatrical and DVD movie releases across the world’s various markets. Thus a film can be released for sale on DVD in one territory only, with access to the disc restricted via regional coding so that this DVD cannot be viewed on a DVD player from another differently coded territory where the film may not have even been released in cinemas yet.

Under regional coding, all DVD movies are marked with a regional code that prevents one region’s (DVD’s) disks being played on another region’s DVD player.

The world’s six DVD regions are:

Region 1: United States and its Territories

Region 2: Japan, Europe, South Africa and the Middle East

Region 3: Southeast Asia and East Asia

Region 4: Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central and South America

Region 5: Indian Subcontinent, Former Soviet Union and Africa

Region 6: China

Region 0: Can be played on all DVD players regardless of their specific regional coding.

These restrictions can be really annoying for people who love to collect DVD or CD from all over the world. We do not want crappy images or sound. Is there a solution? Sure. Wanna know how? Wait until next time.

For your reference, here is another guide to rip NTSC DVD to MP4 and other popular video formats.